Sant Jarnail Singh Ji Bhindranwale was the leader of the Damdami Taksal, a Sikh religious group based in Punjab India during the late 1970’s and early 1980’s. Sant Bhindranwale carried heavy influence among many Sikh youth in Punjab during this time as the leader of the Taksal.
He spread the original values of Sikhism and persuaded people young and old to follow the original rules and tenets of the religion. He was known for his support for the creation of the Sikh-based theocratic state of Khalistan.
In 1981, Sant Bhindranwale was arrested for his suspected involvement in the murder of Jagat Narain, the proprietor of the Hind Samachar Group. Although he willingly surrendered to police (he was later released due to lack of evidence) Sant Bhindranwale was kept on close watch by Indian police officials.
The Anandpur Sahib Resolution
On October 16, 1973 the Akali Dal, when it was not in power, passed “The Anandpur Sahib Resolution.” The major provisions of this resolution were;
Regional autonomy for Punjab
Return of Chandigarh to Punjab
Special status for Sikhs in the Indian union
A Supreme Court review of Punjab river waters
Return of the Punjabi speaking areas to Punjab
Return of the administration of the Punjab Electric Board
As well as the three thermal headwork’s to Punjab
Provision of a fare share of electricity to Punjab
And some minor religious demands.
Additional demands that were put forward to the Indian government, which came to be known as the Dharm Yudh Morcha, made him a hero in the eyes of young Sikhs. (In August 1982 the ‘Dharam Yudh’ agitation was started under the dictatorship of Sant Harchand Singh Longowal, to whom all Akali Dal members of the Legislative Assembly and Parliament had submitted their resignations).